Long-tenn consequences of social stress on corticosterone and IL-1 beta levels in endotoxin-challenged rats

SG Carobrez*, OC Gasparotto, B Buwalda, B Bohus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Social stress has strong and long-lasting effects on autonomic nervous, neuroendocrine and behavioural functioning. The functionality of the immune system is profoundly influenced by autonomic nervous and neuroendocrine activities. Changes in sympathetic-adrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activities as observed during and after social defeat, therefore, probably represent an important factor in the modulation of the immune response. In the present study, the impact of social defeat stress on the responsiveness of the immune system was studied by the presentation of a systemic inflammatory challenge through the injection of the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Male Wistar rats were subjected twice to social defeat 7 days apart. One week after the second defeat, they were injected with LPS in a low (150 mug/kg; D <LPS) or a high dose (375 mug/kg; D > LPS). Another group of defeated rats was injected with saline. Control, nondefeated rats also received the immune challenges. Previously defeated rats responded to the high dose of LPS with a deficient corticosterone (CORT) response resulting in an aggravated interleukin-1beta (IL- 1beta) response 4 It after LPS injection. Furthermore, the experiments indicated that mortality rates after LPS administration were high in previously defeated rats, whereas mortality was absent in nondefeated rats. The results indicate that social stress has long-lasting effects on the functioning of the immune system and that it can seriously compromise the effectiveness of the adrenocortical response in containing some immunological defense mechanisms. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberPII S0031-9384(02)00694-7
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalPhysiology & Behavior
Volume76
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1-May-2002

Keywords

  • psychosocial stress
  • corticosterone
  • lipopolysaccharide
  • interleukin-10
  • hypothalamic, pituitary, adrenal axis
  • CORTICOTROPIN-RELEASING FACTOR
  • PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS
  • C-FOS EXPRESSION
  • INTRACEREBROVENTRICULAR INFUSION
  • SICKNESS BEHAVIOR
  • RESPONSES
  • BRAIN
  • INTERLEUKIN-1
  • ENDOCRINE
  • IMMUNE

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