Long-Term Follow-Up Study on the Uptake of Genetic Counseling and Predictive DNA Testing in Inherited Cardiac Conditions

Lieke M van den Heuvel, Maxiem O van Teijlingen, Wilma van der Roest, Irene M van Langen, Ellen M A Smets, J Peter van Tintelen, Imke Christiaans*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Inherited cardiac conditions present with a wide range of symptoms and may even result in sudden cardiac death. Relatives of probands with a confirmed pathogenic genetic variant are advised predictive DNA testing to enable prevention and treatment. In 2 previous cohort studies of 115 probands with a pathogenic variant, family uptake of genetic counseling was assessed in the first year(s) after test result disclosure to the proband. This study assesses uptake in these cohorts in the 14 to 23 years following disclosure. METHODS: Uptake was determined retrospectively using patient records. First-degree relatives, and second-degree relatives of a deceased first-degree relative suspected of having an inherited cardiac condition, were considered eligible. RESULTS: Of 717 eligible relatives (598 first-degree and 119 second-degree relatives), 60% attended genetic counseling. Most of them (68.6%) attended genetic counseling in the first year. A total of 98.4% of counseled relatives pursued predictive DNA testing. A total of 49.2% was identified as carrier. Median time between disclosure to the proband and counseling of relatives was 6 months (range: 0-187 months). Attending genetic counseling was observed more frequently in first-degree relatives, female relatives, primary arrhythmia syndromes, relatives with manifest inherited cardiac condition, relatives without children and families with sudden cardiac death in first-degree relatives <40 years. CONCLUSIONS: During median follow-up of 16 years, 60.0% of relatives attended genetic counseling, with 41.0% in the first year. Our results may suggest that some relatives are not or inadequately informed or that barriers against genetic counseling are present. Further research is needed into interventions facilitating family communication, increasing awareness among families and healthcare professionals, and lowering thresholds for genetic counseling.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere002803
Pages (from-to)524-530
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation. Genomic and precision medicine
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2020

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathies
  • DNA
  • Death
  • Genetics
  • Risk

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