Long-term haematological recovery following high-dose chemotherapy with autologous bone marrow transplantation or peripheral stem cell transplantation in patients with solid tumours

P Nieboer, EGE de Vries, NH Mulder, DT Sleijfer, PHB Willemse, GAP Hospers, JA Gietema, WJ Sluiter, WTA van der Graaf*

*Corresponding author for this work

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Long-term peripheral blood counts and factors influencing long-term trilineage haematological recovery of consecutive patients in a single institution treated with high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) and ABMT or PSCT for solid tumours were examined. Patients with a relapse-free survival of >1 year were included in the analysis (n = 131), Peripheral blood counts were examined 6 months and yearly following transplantation. Median follow-up was 4.1 years (range 1-10+ years), Three years after transplantation 91% of patients had normal white blood counts (WBC), 94% normal haemoglobin (Hb) and 75% normal platelets. Trilineage recovery was complete in 70% (n = 83) at 3 years and 85% (n = 50) at 5 years, Recovery of Hb occurred before WBC and platelet recovery. Approximately 25% of patients displayed an elevated MCV throughout the follow-up period. These long-term results were independent of age, high-dose regimen, number of reinfused stem cells and stem cell source. Double (n = 12) vs single (n = 119) transplantations showed significantly slower trilineage recovery and higher MCV, No secondary graft failure, myelodysplasia or leukaemia was encountered. In conclusion, complete trilineage recovery after HDC followed by ABMT or PSCT occurs slowly. PSCT and ABMT are capable of maintaining long-term haematopoiesis, Slower recovery is seen after double transplantations. The results suggest lasting implications for bone marrow function after autologous transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)959-966
Number of pages8
JournalBone marrow transplantation
Volume27
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May-2001

Keywords

  • ABMT
  • PSCT
  • long-term haematological recovery
  • solid tumours
  • MCV
  • high-dose chemotherapy
  • BLOOD PROGENITOR-CELL
  • ACUTE MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA
  • NON-HODGKINS-LYMPHOMA
  • MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME
  • HEMATOPOIETIC RECOVERY
  • MYELOABLATIVE THERAPY
  • HEMATOLOGIC RECOVERY
  • RANDOMIZED TRIAL
  • MYELOID-LEUKEMIA
  • CANCER-PATIENTS

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