Long-term outcome of patients with transposition of the great arteries and a systemic right ventricle: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mohammad Mostafa Ansari Ramandi, Hossein Yarmohammadi, Barzi Gareb, Adriaan A. Voors, Joost P. van Melle*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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BACKGROUND: Patients with a transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and a systemic right ventricle are at risk of heart failure (HF) development, arrhythmia and early mortality. Prognostic evaluations in clinical studies are hampered by small sample sizes and single-centred approaches. We aimed to investigate yearly rate of outcome and factors affecting it.

METHODS: A systematic literature search of four electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Scopus) was conducted from inception to June 2022. Studies reporting the association of a systemic right ventricle with mortality with a minimal follow-up of 2 years during adulthood were selected. Incidence of HF hospitalization and/or arrhythmia were captured as additional endpoints. For each outcome, a summary effect estimate was calculated.

RESULTS: From a total of 3891 identified records, 56 studies met the selection criteria. These studies described the follow-up (on average 7.27 years) of 5358 systemic right ventricle patients. The mortality incidence was 1.3 (1-1.7) per 100 patients/year. The incidence of HF hospitalization was 2.6 (1.9-3.7) per 100 patients/year. Predictors of poor outcome were a lower left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) (standardized mean differences (SMD) of -0.43 (-0.77 to -0.09) and - 0.85 (-1.35 to -0.35), respectively), higher plasma concentrations of NT-proBNP (SMD of 1.24 (0.49-1.99)), and NYHA class ≥2 (risk ratio of 2.17 (1.40-3.35)).

CONCLUSIONS: TGA patients with a systemic right ventricle have increased incidence of mortality and HF hospitalization. A lower LVEF and RVEF, higher levels of NT-proBNP and NYHA class ≥2 are associated with poor outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131159
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Early online date9-Jul-2023
Publication statusPublished - 15-Oct-2023


  • Arrhythmias
  • Heart failure hospitalization
  • Mortality
  • Systemic right ventricle

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