Long-term priming of visual search prevails against the passage of time and counteracting instructions

Wouter Kruijne, Martijn Meeter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies on intertrial priming have shown that in visual search experiments, the preceding trial automatically affects search performance: facilitating it when the target features repeat and giving rise to switch costs when they change-so-called (short-term) intertrial priming. These effects also occur at longer time scales: When 1 of 2 possible target colors is more frequent during an experiment block, this results in a prolonged and persistent facilitation for the color that was biased, long after the frequency bias is gone-so-called long-term priming. In this study, we explore the robustness of such long-term priming. In Experiment 1, participants were fully informed of the bias and instructed to prioritize the other unbiased color. Despite these instructions, long-term priming of the biased color persisted in this block, suggesting that guidance by long-term priming is an implicit effect. In Experiment 2, long-term priming was built up in 1 experimental session and was then assessed in a second session a week later. Long-term priming persisted across this week, emphasizing that long-term priming is truly a phenomenon of long-term memory. The results support the view that priming results from the automatic and implicit retrieval of memory traces of past trials. (PsycINFO Database Record
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1293-1303
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
Volume42
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adolescent
  • adult
  • analysis of variance
  • association
  • attention
  • color vision
  • female
  • human
  • male
  • memory
  • pattern recognition
  • photostimulation
  • physiology
  • reaction time
  • time factor
  • young adult
  • TARGET LOCATION PROBABILITY
  • DEFAULT BAYES FACTORS
  • POP-OUT
  • ATTENTIONAL CAPTURE
  • MEMORY SYSTEM
  • REPETITION
  • IMPLICIT
  • SELECTION
  • MECHANISMS
  • STIMULUS

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