Objective: To assess the longitudinal association between respiratory muscle strength and cough capacity in persons with recent spinal cord injury.
Design: Longitudinal analyses.
Subjects: Forty persons with recent spinal cord injury and impaired pulmonary function.
Methods: Measurements were performed 4 weeks after the start of rehabilitation, 9 and 17 weeks after the first measurement, and one year after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. Peak cough flow was measured with a spirometer. Maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIP and MEP), expressed in cmH(2)O, were measured at the mouth.
Results: Both MIP and MEP were significantly positively associated with peak cough flow. After correction for confounders and time 10 cmH(2)O higher MIP was associated with a 0.32 Us higher peak cough flow, and a 10 cmH(2)O higher MEP was associated with a 0.15 l/s higher peak cough flow. The association between MIP and peak cough flow was mainly based on within-subject variance. The association between MIP and peak cough flow was stronger than between MEP and peak cough flow.
Conclusion: Improvement in respiratory muscle strength is associated with improvement in cough capacity in persons with recent spinal cord injury who have impaired pulmonary function.
- spinal cord injury
- respiratory muscles
- expiratory airflow
- longitudinal analysis
- INPATIENT REHABILITATION