Longitudinal monitoring of BKPyV miRNA levels in kidney transplant recipients with BKPyV related pathology reflects viral DNA levels and remain high in viremia patients after clearance of viral DNA

Willem B van Doesum*, Lilli Gard, Laura W D Knijff, Hubert G M Niesters, Willem J van Son, Coen A Stegeman, Anke van den Berg, Henk Groen, Jacob van den Born, Annelies Riezebos-Brilman, Jan Stephan Sanders

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: It is unclear whether polyomavirus BK (BKPyV) miRNA measurement has additional diagnostic and predictive value in kidney transplant recipients (KTR) as compared to current methods of monitoring BKPyV DNA loads.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, longitudinal study was performed in 30 KTR with BKPyV viruria (n = 10), BKPyV viremia (n = 10) or BKPyVAN (n = 10). Bkv-miR-B1-3p, 5p and BKPyV DNA-load were measured in urine and plasma and compared using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.

RESULTS: Levels of Bkv-miR-B1-3p and 5p and BKPyV DNA correlated strongly. Overall, mostly analogue courses of urinary and plasma miRNA and DNA loads were observed. Areas under the ROC curves were not significantly different between miRNAs and DNA. Only, in contrast to BKPyV DNA load, BKPyV miRNA levels increased from 6 to 12 months in the viremia group, while in the BKPyVAN group a decline was seen in both DNA and miRNA.

CONCLUSIONS: In this study we could not demonstrate an additional value of BKPyV miRNA detection compared to BKPyV DNA monitoring in the early phase after kidney transplantation. We did observe significant differences between the viremia and the BKPyVAN groups during follow up. This study was performed with a small number of patients and therefore results should be verified in a larger patient cohort. Furthermore, future studies with larger patient groups are necessary to elucidate final clinical value of these data. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages26
JournalTransplant Infectious Disease
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2-Aug-2022

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