Loss of heterozygosity at the short arm of chromosome 3 in renal‐cell cancer correlates with the cytological tumour type

AH Hout, van der*, E van den Berg, P van der Vlies, T Dijkhuizen, S Störkel, JW Oosterhuis, B de Jong, CHCM Buys

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    A majority of renal-cell tumours retain heterozygosity at the short arm of chromosome 3. To investigate possible histopathological differences between tumours with and without such losses, we compared loss of heterozygosity data from 51 tumours with 1 histological and 2 different cytological classifications of renal-cell tumour. Using the cytological classification of Thoenes et al., we only found tumours with loss of heterozygosity in these authors' clear-cell category. Possibly, only these tumours arise by a mechanism of double loss of a tumour-suppressor gene on 3p, non-clear-cell renal tumours having a different genetic background. Alternatively, deletions may occur in all subtypes, in which case those subtypes in which no LOH is found may also contain deletions too small to be detected with the set of 3p probes we used. A cytogenetic analysis was carried out on 30 of the tumours. Results of molecular and microscopic cytogenetic analyses did not seem to be in agreement in 12 cases. In 6 of these we found allelic losses in tumours showing morphologically normal copies of chromosome 3. Mitotic recombination or loss of one chromosome 3 homologue followed by duplication of the remaining homologue is a likely explanation. The other 6 cases showed microscopic abnormalities of chromosome 3 which were not reflected, or only partly reflected, as allelic losses. These discrepancies are caused either by the limitations of microscopic analysis in exactly determining a breakpoint or tracing a translocated part of a chromosome, or by the failure of molecular analysis to demonstrate LOH if this occurs in only a minority of cells.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)353-357
    Number of pages5
    JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
    Volume53
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1-Feb-1993

    Keywords

    • MOLECULAR ANALYSIS
    • CARCINOMA
    • DELETION
    • CYTOGENETICS

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