Low-dimensional solution-processable electronics: from field-effect transistor to artificial synapse

Wytse Talsma

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

509 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Modern-day computing has irreversibly impacted our way of living. Nowadays, we are surrounded by computers that become smarter and more connected every day. The demand for more powerful hardware increases, while physical limitations already come into play. Pushing the boundaries of hardware development requires a new strategy, especially for (visual) pattern recognition. For this, a novel material candidate is semiconductive single-walled carbon nanotubes (s-SWCNTs). They promise inexpensive and scalable production methods for electronics. This thesis focuses on experimental research for the preparation and utilisation of these s-SWCNTs.
We optimised s-SWCNT ink preparation by substituting the applicator-solvent in a colloidal dispersion of polymer-wrapped s-SWCNT. This resulted in improved shelf-life, field-effect transistor (FET) performances and device reproducibility. Also, we successfully demonstrated three newly designed low-bandgap polymers that wrap and select s-SWCNT. This resulted in FETs with improved energy-band alignment, potentially lowering energy consumption. More insight is provided into the relationship between the polymer structure and the dispersion capability for s-SWCNT, subsequently, the final inks' physical properties. Finally, we demonstrated that sufficient plasticity arises to obtain a functional artificial synapse using simple pulse-shapes by utilising the hysteresis commonly found in bottom-gate structure SWCNT FETs. As synapses are the functional connection between neurons and are believed to be the units enabling learning and computing, our finding enables usage in more energy-efficient computing architecture.
We conclude that our improved inks can be easily industrially applied. The artificial synapse can potentially be used by neuromorphic computing for everyday pattern recognition tasks, enabling more powerful hardware.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Groningen
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Loi, Maria, Supervisor
  • Koster, Jan Anton, Supervisor
Award date5-Nov-2021
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Publisher
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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