PURPOSE: Vascular inflammation and leakage in sepsis is mediated by Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and -2 (Ang-2) and their phosphorylation of the endothelial Tie-2 receptor. Levels of Ang-2 change in adults and children during sepsis, which is associated with severity of sepsis. This study investigates levels of Ang-1 and Ang-2 in newborns to gain insight in the vascular pathophysiology of early onset sepsis (EOS) within 72 hours after birth.
METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed amongst 71 Surinamese newborns treated with antibiotics for suspected EOS and 20 control newborns. Newborns with suspected EOS were divided in two groups: blood culture negative and positive EOS. Ang-1 and Ang-2 levels were measured in serum obtained at start of antibiotic treatment and at reevaluation after 48-72 hours.
RESULTS: In this cohort 8.5% of newborns had a positive blood culture. At start of antibiotic treatment Ang-1 serum levels were lower (P < 0.01), and Ang-2 and Ang-2/Ang-1 serum protein ratios higher (P < 0.01 and P < 0.01, respectively) in newborns with blood culture positive EOS than in controls. These levels were not dependent on timing of first blood draw after birth. After 48-72 hours levels of Ang-1 further decreased in blood culture positive EOS, while in the other groups no change was observed.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the hypothesis that a dysbalance in the Angiopoietins plays a role in the vascular pathophysiology of EOS.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0.
- Journal Article
- MULTIPLE-ORGAN DYSFUNCTION
- NEONATAL SEPSIS