In the view of rapid technological development within the past decade and especially approaching the end of Moore’s Law era, material science becomes an integral part of the research nowadays. The search for new functional properties and materials which are able to address the challenges of the XXI century is already a daily routine of various research groups and large tech companies around the world. The current library of available 2D materials offers a wide range of properties that can challenge existing 3D technologies. 2D semiconductors, semi-metals, ferromagnets, superconductors and insulators were already identified and are now questioned for being utilized. The top-down and bottom-up approach to synthesize 2D materials provides flexibility to fulfil both scalability and miniaturization for achieving a large number of small devices on-chip. Reduced density of states in two dimensions compared with its 3D parent materials provides a great opportunity to control the electronic properties by means of field-effect doping even in intrinsically metallic materials. The enhanced doping capability of an electric double-layer transistor gives a unique opportunity to unravel the hidden electronic properties and capabilities of materials. For example, turning a band insulator into a superconductor at low temperatures with continuous control of its critical temperature over the entire phase diagram.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Place of Publication||[Groningen]|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|