Management of infection prophylaxis in Dutch patients with myelodysplastic syndromes, a web-based case vignette questionnaire: the MINDSET study

Johanne Rozema, Eric van Roon, Lars Vogelzang, Robby Kibbelaar, Nic Veeger, Arjan van de Loosdrecht, Hoogendoorn Mels

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OBJECTIVES: Infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The objective of the MINDSET study was to evaluate haematologists' management of infection prevention in MDS patients using a case vignette study and to assess the availability of guidelines.

METHODS: We conducted a web-based, nationwide survey amongst haematologists in the Netherlands between September and December 2021. The survey included a set of case vignettes. Additionally, the availability of protocols was evaluated.

RESULTS: Sixty responses were obtained (23.6%). These responses were well distributed across hospital types as well as level of experience. No protocols regarding infection prophylaxis specifically for MDS patients were received. In the case vignette of a 75-year-old MDS patient, respondents would primarily prescribe infection prophylaxis in case of recurrent infections (96.7%) and neutropenia (75.0% for absolute neutrophil count [ANC]<0.2x10^9/L and 53.3% for ANC<0.5x10^9/L), especially in combination with hypomethylating agents (80.0%), lenalidomide (66.7%) or chemotherapy (51.7%). Respondents would predominantly choose antibacterial agents (85.0%), followed by antifungal agents (71.7%).

CONCLUSIONS: This study showed diverse reasons and considerations of haematologists regarding whether to prescribe infection prophylaxis in MDS patients. Given the seriousness of infections in MDS patients, patient-tailored recommendations might be valuable in clinical decision-making. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26-Jun-2022

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