Masticatory function with implant-supported overdentures

FMC van Kampen, A van der Bilt*, MS Cune, FA Fontijn-Tekamp, F Bosman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

146 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The type of attachment that is used in implant-supported mandibular overdentures may influence the retention and stability of the prosthesis and, thus, masticatory function. In this within- subject cross- over clinical trial, we examined the hypothesis that greater retention and stability of the overdenture improve the masticatory function. Eighteen edentulous subjects received 2 oral implants, a new overdenture, and, successively, 3 different suprastructure modalities: magnet, ball, and bar- clip. Masticatory performance, masticatory efficiency, and swallowing threshold were measured. The masticatory function significantly improved after implant treatment with each of the 3 attachments. We observed small differences in masticatory function among the 3 attachment types: slightly better masticatory performance with ball and bar- clip than with magnet attachments. The number of chewing cycles until swallowing hardly decreased after implant treatment. We conclude that significantly better masticatory performance, combined with a slightly smaller number of chewing cycles after implant treatment, results in smaller food particles being swallowed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-711
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume83
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2004

Keywords

  • masticatory performance
  • swallowing threshold
  • oral implant
  • mandibular overdenture
  • attachment
  • RANDOMIZED CLINICAL-TRIAL
  • RETAINED OVERDENTURES
  • MANDIBULAR OVERDENTURES
  • CONVENTIONAL DENTURES
  • PATIENT SATISFACTION
  • EDENTULOUS SUBJECTS
  • DIABETIC-PATIENTS
  • DIETARY-INTAKE
  • ORAL FUNCTION
  • BITE FORCE

Cite this