Mathematics and Natural Science Students' Motivational Profiles and their First-year Academic Achievement

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Our study focused on describing first-year university students’ motivational profiles and their achievement. 755 students in the faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences participated in the study. Data on academic motivation was collected before the start of the program, data on achievement at the end of the year. A two-step cluster analysis indicated a four-cluster solution: students in cluster 1 scored high on intrinsic motivation (IM) and extrinsic motivation (EM), but low on amotivation (AM). Students in 2 two scored high on IM and low on EM and AM. Students in cluster 3 scored high on EM and AM. Students in cluster 4 scored lower on IM and EM and higher on AM. Students in cluster 2 had the most self-determined motivational profile and obtained the highest GPA. Our study suggested that distinguishing students based on motivational profiles may be helpful in identifying students at risk for lower academic achievement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-48
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of The First-Year Experience & Students in Transition
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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