Mean-Field Game Modeling the Bandwagon Effect with Activation Costs

Fabio Bagagiolo*, Dario Bauso, Raffaele Pesenti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
62 Downloads (Pure)


This paper provides a mean-field game theoretic model of the bandwagon effect in social networks. This effect can be observed whenever individuals tend to align their own opinions to amainstream opinion. The contribution is threefold. First, we describe the opinion propagation as a mean-field game with local interactions. Second, we establish mean-field equilibrium strategies in the case where the mainstream opinion is constant. Such strategies are shown to have a threshold structure. Third, we extend the use of threshold strategies to the case of time-varying mainstream opinion and study the evolution of the macroscopic system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-476
Number of pages21
JournalDynamic Games and Applications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Games with infinitely many players
  • Bandwagon effect
  • Activation costs
  • Threshold policies
  • Mean-field games
  • Mode

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