Measurement of the Casimir force in a gas and in a liquid

Anne Le Cunuder*, Artyom Petrosyan, George Palasantzas, Vitaly Svetovoy, Sergio Ciliberto

*Corresponding author for this work

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We present detailed measurements of the Casimir-Lifshitz force between two gold surfaces, performed in both gas (nitrogen) and liquid (ethanol) environments with the same apparatus and on the same spot of the sample. Furthermore, we study the role of double-layer forces in the liquid, and we show that these electrostatic effects are important. The latter contributions are subtracted to recover the genuine Casimir force, and the experimental results are compared with calculations using Lifshitz theory. Our measurements demonstrate that carefully accounting for the actual optical properties of the surfaces is necessary for an accurate comparison with the Lifshitz theory predictions at distances smaller than 200 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number201408
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 28-Nov-2018

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