Measurement of the group velocity of light in sea water at the ANTARES site

S. Adrian-Martinez, I. Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. Andre, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, S. Anvar, M. Ardid, A. C. Assis Jesus, T. Astraatmadja, J-J. Aubert, B. Baret, S. Basa, V. Bertin, S. Biagi, A. Bigi, C. Bigongiari, C. Bogazzi, M. Bou-Cabo, B. BouhouM. C. Bouwhuis, J. Brunner, J. Busto, F. Camarena, A. Capone, C. Carloganu, G. Carminati, J. Carr, S. Cecchini, Z. Charif, Ph. Charvis, T. Chiarusi, M. Circella, H. Costantini, P. Coyle, C. Curtil, G. De Bonis, M. P. Decowski, I. Dekeyser, A. Deschamps, C. Distefano, C. Donzaud, D. Dornic, Q. Dorosti, D. Drouhin, T. Eberl, U. Emanuele, A. Enzenhoefer, J-P. Ernenwein, S. Escoffier, P. Fermani, M. Ferri, V. Flaminio, F. Folger, U. Fritsch, J-L Fuda, S. Galata, P. Gay, K. Geyer, G. Giacomelli, V. Giordano, J. P. Gomez-Gonzalez, K. Graf, G. Guillard, G. Halladjian, G. Hallewell, H. van Haren, J. Hartman, A. J. Heijboer, Y. Hello, J. J. Hernandez-Rey, B. Herold, J. Hoessl, C. C. Hsu, M. de Jong, M. Kadler, O. Kalekin, A. Kappes, U. Katz, O. Kavatsyuk, P. Kooijman, C. Kopper, A. Kouchner, I. Kreykenbohm, V. Kulikovskiy, R. Lahmann, P. Lamare, G. Larosa, D. Lattuada, D. Lefevre, G. Lim, D. Lo Presti, H. Loehner, S. Loucatos, S. Mangano*, M. Marcelin, A. Margiotta, J. A. Martinez-Mora, J. E. McMillan, A. Meli, T. Montaruli, L. Moscoso, H. Motz, M. Neff, E. Nezri, D. Palioselitis, G. E. Pavalas, K. Payet, P. Payre, J. Petrovic, P. Piattelli, N. Picot-Clemente, V. Popa, T. Pradier, E. Presani, C. Racca, C. Reed, G. Riccobene, C. Richardt, R. Richter, C. Riviere, A. Robert, K. Roensch, A. Rostovtsev, J. Ruiz-Rivas, M. Rujoiu, G. V. Russo, F. Salesa, D. F. E. Samtleben, P. Sapienza, F. Schoeck, J-P. Schuller, F. Schuessleraf, T. Seitz, R. Shanidze, F. Simeone, A. Spies, M. Spurio, J. J. M. Steijger, Th. Stolarczyk, A. Sanchez-Losa, M. Taiuti, C. Tamburini, L. F. Thompson, S. Toscano, B. Vallage, V. Van Elewyck, G. Vannoni, M. Vecchi, P. Vernin, S. Wagner, G. Wijnker, J. Wilms, E. de Wolf, H. Yepes, D. Zaborov, J. D. Zornoza, J. Zuniga

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    The group velocity of light has been measured at eight different wavelengths between 385 nm and 532 nm in the Mediterranean Sea at a depth of about 2.2 km with the ANTARES optical beacon systems. A parametrisation of the dependence of the refractive index on wavelength based on the salinity, pressure and temperature of the sea water at the ANTARES site is in good agreement with these measurements. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)552-557
    Number of pages6
    JournalAstroparticle Physics
    Volume35
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr-2012

    Keywords

    • ANTARES
    • Neutrino telescope
    • Optical beacon system
    • Velocity of light
    • Refractive index
    • NEUTRINO TELESCOPE
    • SYSTEM

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