Measurement of the Nuclear Modification Factor and Prompt Charged Particle Production in p -Pb and p p Collisions at √ s N N = 5     TeV

K. De Bruyn, C. J. G. Onderwater, M. van Veghel, LHCb Collaboration

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The production of prompt charged particles in proton-lead collisions and in proton-proton collisions at the nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy sNN=5 TeV is studied at LHCb as a function of pseudorapidity (η) and transverse momentum (pT) with respect to the proton beam direction. The nuclear modification factor for charged particles is determined as a function of η between-4.8<η<-2.5 (backward region) and 2.0<η<4.8 (forward region), and pT between 0.2<pT<8.0 GeV/c. The results show a suppression of charged particle production in proton-lead collisions relative to proton-proton collisions in the forward region and an enhancement in the backward region for pT larger than 1.5 GeV/c. This measurement constrains nuclear PDFs and saturation models at previously unexplored values of the parton momentum fraction down to 10-6.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere142004
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 7-Apr-2022

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