Mental Disorder During Adolescence: Evidence of Arrested Personality Development

Johan Ormel*, Anoek M. Oerlemans, Dennis Raven, Albertine J. Oldehinkel, Odilia M. Laceulle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The experience of a mental disorder may affect the development of personality in multiple ways, but empirical evidence regarding psychopathology effects on personality development that persist after remission of the disorder is limited and inconsistent. In the longitudinal cohort TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), mental disorders during adolescence were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and parent-reported effortful control, fearfulness, and frustration at age 11 and age 19 through the Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire. We found that adolescent mental disorders had small effects on personality change. Internalizing disorders predicted increases of fearfulness and frustration but hardly affected effortful control; externalizing disorders were unrelated to frustration and fearfulness but predicted a decrease of effortful control. Whereas fearfulness and frustration partially caught up after disorder remission, virtually all delay in effortful control was still present 2.9 years later, suggesting scarring effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2167702619896372
Pages (from-to)395-411
Number of pages17
JournalClinical Psychological Science
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16-Mar-2020

Keywords

  • personality development
  • psychopathology
  • mental disorder
  • personality-psychopathology models
  • neuroticism
  • self-control
  • adolescence
  • INDIVIDUAL-LIVES SURVEY
  • WORLD-HEALTH-ORGANIZATION
  • AGE-OF-ONSET
  • MAJOR DEPRESSION
  • EXTERNALIZING PROBLEMS
  • LIFETIME PREVALENCE
  • COHORT PROFILE
  • TRAIT CHANGE
  • TEMPERAMENT
  • CHILDHOOD

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