Methane reforming in solid oxide fuel cells: Challenges and strategies

Liyuan Fan*, Chao'en Li, Purushothaman Vellayani Aravind, Weiwei Cai, Minfang Han, Nigel Brandon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
99 Downloads (Pure)


Methane, mainly derived from fossil fuels, coal and natural gas, is a widely used industrial resource for hydrogen production via the reforming process. However, due to their unsustainability and the high carbon emission during the reforming process, more effective utilization of precious natural resources is desired. Therefore, sustainable resources such as biogas derived from biomass are attracting more and more attention for hydrogen and power production. A renewed interest in the flexible application of biogas in solid oxide fuel cells has recently attracted attention as a green pathway for hydrogen and power production driven by the fast development of fuel cell technology, especially in material technologies. However, the methane reforming process in solid oxide fuel cells suffers from low long-term operability, such as carbon deposition and sulphur poisoning over the anode materials. Therefore, the operational strategies for safe and stable operations are first discussed. Following that, the development of the anode materials to facilitate the methane reforming reaction while mitigating the subsequent insufficient catalyst stability such as deformation and degradation is conducted. Hopefully, this review can provide a practical perspective for sustainable hydrogen and power production in solid oxide fuel cells using biogas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number231573
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Early online date13-May-2022
Publication statusPublished - 1-Aug-2022


  • Carbon deposition
  • Methane reforming kinetics
  • Ni-based anode materials
  • Solid oxide fuel cells
  • Sulphur poisoning

Cite this