Microstructural features in a laser clad TiB-Ti composite coating

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The microstructure of a TiB/Ti composite coating, obtained by laser cladding a Ti-6Al-4V substrate with a Ti/TiB2 powder mixture, was scrutinized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TiB showed three different morphologies: fine needles (200 nm diameter, 15 mum length), plates (thickness 1 pm, short length 3 mum and long length 15 mum) and coarse needles (diameter 3 mum and length 50 mum). All TiB is composed of both the stable B27 and the metastable B-f crystal structures. Intimate mixing of B27 and B-f is possible because B27(200) planes fit excellently on B-f(110) or (1-10) planes (with B27[010]//B-f[001]) that easily leads to stacking disorder. Aspects of disorder are quantitatively analysed using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Throughout the fine needles, extensive stacking disorder occurs. In the plates, a core of B27 (with relatively low stacking-fault density) is present, with faulted B-f on the outer surfaces that has a rough but fully faceted interface with the Ti matrix. The coarse needles consist predominantly of nearly defect-free B27. Noteworthy about the coarse needles is that they have a large core composed of Ti. On a much finer scale Ti is also dispersed in the plates and fine needles. It will be shown that the differences in microstructure among the three types of TiB morphologies provide important clues about the evolution of the TiB under the conditions of rapid growth.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSURFACE TREATMENT VI
EditorsCA Brebbia, JTM DeHosson, SI Nishida
Place of PublicationSOUTHAMPTON
PublisherWIT Press
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)1-85312-962-3
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Event6th International Conference on Surface Treatment - , Greece
Duration: 1-Mar-2003 → …

Publication series

PublisherWIT PRESS
ISSN (Print)1466-7266


Other6th International Conference on Surface Treatment
Period01/03/2003 → …




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