Microstructure and Properties of Poly(amide urethane)s: Comparison of the Reactivity of α-Hydroxy-ω-O-phenyl Urethanes and α-Hydroxy-ω-O-hydroxyethyl Urethanes

Bhaskar Sharma, Luc Ubaghs, Helmut Keul, Hartwig Höcker, Ton Loontjens, Rolf van Benthem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

25 Citations (Scopus)
90 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Poly(amide urethane)s were prepared from ε-caprolactam, amino alcohols, and diphenyl carbonate or ethylene carbonate in three steps. Polycondensation was performed either with α-hydroxy-ω-O-phenyl urethanes or with α-hydroxy-ω-O-hydroxyethyl urethanes; it was found that the reactivity at 90 °C of the first is much higher than that of the latter. For nearly equal reactivity, the temperature for the polycondensation of α-hydroxy-ω-O-hydroxyethyl urethanes had to be increased from 90 °C to 150 °C. The microstructure of the resulting poly(amide urethane)s differs by the content of urea groups in the polymer chains, which is 5% for poly(amide urethane)s prepared from α-hydroxy-ω-O-phenyl urethanes and 15% for poly(amide urethane)s prepared from α-hydroxy-ω-O-hydroxyethyl urethanes. As a consequence, the thermal properties of the poly(amide urethane)s differ slightly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1536-1546
Number of pages11
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume205
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • structure-property relations
  • oligomers with specific end groups
  • polycondensation
  • alternating poly(amide urethane)s

Cite this