Mother's knowledge on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

Yihun Mulugeta Alemu*, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Sisay Mulugeta Alemu

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    Objective

    To identify proportion of and factors for comprehensive knowledge on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in pregnant women attending antenatal care in Northern Ethiopia.

    Methods

    A total of 416 pregnant women were interviewed between October 2012 and May 2013. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors for comprehensive knowledge on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

    Results

    The proportion of pregnant women, who have comprehensive knowledge on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, was 52%. The odds of having comprehensive knowledge on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV were higher among pregnant women who were younger (16 to 24 years old) (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 2.95; 95%Cl: 1.20, 7.26), urban residents (AOR = 2.45; 95%CI: 1.39, 4.32), attending secondary education and above (AOR = 4.43; 95%CI: 2.40, 8.20), employed (AOR = 4.99;95%CI: 2.45, 10.16), have five children or more (AOR = 9.34; 95%CI:3.78, 23.07), have favored attitude towards HIV positive living (AOR = 2.53; 95%CI: 1.43, 4.44) and have perceived susceptibility to HIV (AOR = 10.72; 95%CI: 3.90, 29.39).

    Conclusion

    The proportion of women who have comprehensive knowledge on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in this study setting was low. Measures which will escalate mother's knowledge on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV should be emphasized. Efforts to improve mother's knowledge on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV should target women who were older age (> = 35years), rural residents, unemployed, not 16 attending formal education, primigravids, have no favored attitude towards HIV positive living and have not perceived susceptibility to HIV.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number0203043
    Number of pages11
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Volume13
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 11-Sep-2018

    Keywords

    • PREGNANT-WOMEN
    • TESTING SERVICES
    • TANZANIA
    • PROGRAM

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