Movement Control Strategies in a Dynamic Balance Task in Children With and Without Developmental Coordination Disorder

L. D. Jelsma*, R. H. Geuze, B. C. M. Smits-Engelsman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Our study aimed to analyze movement control strategies using predefined criteria for amplitude and differences in these strategies between children with and without DCD. Children with (n = 28) and without DCD (n = 15) were included. A video-observation-tool was used to score the moving body parts during a Wii Fit slalom task over multiple time points. Two-step cluster analysis was used to extract distinct movement strategies. Two different movement strategies were identified that were independently validated by a measure of task performance and a subjective mark of quality of the movement. Initial differences between groups and changes over time toward the more successful strategy were found in both groups, albeit in a different percentage. This study shows that the more efficient movement strategy is seen in the majority of the TD children and only in a small number of children with DCD, even after practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-186
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Motor Behavior
Volume52
Issue number2
Early online date8-Apr-2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3-Mar-2020

Keywords

  • Video observation
  • cluster analysis
  • developmental coordination disorder
  • movement control strategies
  • virtual reality
  • POSTURAL CONTROL
  • VALIDITY
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • INTERVENTION
  • WALKING
  • DCD
  • SUBTYPES
  • LEVEL
  • SWAY

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