Multi-wavelength scaling relations in galaxy groups: a detailed comparison of GAMA and KiDS observations to BAHAMAS simulations

Arthur Jakobs, Massimo Viola, Ian McCarthy, Ludovic van Waerbeke, Henk Hoekstra, Aaron Robotham, Gary Hinshaw, Alireza Hojjati, Hideki Tanimura, Tilman Tröster, Ivan Baldry, Catherine Heymans, Hendrik Hildebrandt, Konrad Kuijken, Peder Norberg, Joop Schaye, Cristóbal Sifon, Edo van Uitert, Edwin Valentijn, Gijs Verdoes KleijnLingyu Wang

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We study the scaling relations between the baryonic content and total mass of groups of galaxies, as these systems provide a unique way to examine the role of non-gravitational processes in structure formation. Using Planck and ROSAT data, we conduct detailed comparisons of the stacked thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect and X-ray scaling relations of galaxy groups found in the the Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey and the BAHAMAS hydrodynamical simulation. We use weak gravitational lensing data from the Kilo Degree Survey (KiDS) to determine the average halo mass of the studied systems. We analyse the simulation in the same way, using realistic weak lensing, X-ray, and tSZ synthetic observations. Furthermore, to keep selection biases under control, we employ exactly the same galaxy selection and group identification procedures to the observations and simulation. Applying this careful comparison, we find that the simulations are in agreement with the observations, particularly with regards to the scaling relations of the lensing and tSZ results. This finding demonstrates that hydrodynamical simulation have reached the level of realism that is required to interpret observational survey data and study the baryon physics within dark matter haloes, where analytical modelling is challenging. Finally, using simulated data, we demonstrate that our observational processing of the X-ray and tSZ signals is free of significant biases. We find that our optical group selection procedure has, however, some room for improvement.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number1712.05463
Publication statusPublished - 1-Dec-2017


  • Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics

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