Aims: Transporter proteins known to mediate multidrug resistance (MDR) in tumour cells-MDR1 P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance related protein 1 (MRP1) -are thought to be involved in protecting the lungs against inhaled toxic pollutants. Recently, several new transporter family members have been identified-for example, MRP2, MRP3, and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). To study the possible contribution of these proteins and the earlier defined MDR1 and MDR3 P-gp molecules, MRP1, and the major vault protein (MVP) to lung functioning, their expression was analysed in normal lung tissue of humans and several animal species.
Methods: Frozen sections of normal lung tissues were examined for the expression of the multidrug resistance associated proteins, using an extended panel of monoclonal antibodies that specifically detect these proteins in immunohistochemical techniques.
Results: In line with earlier reports, the expression of MDR1 P-gp and MRP1 was readily detected in the apical and basolateral membranes, respectively, of the epithelial cell layers of the lungs. In addition, prominent cytoplasmic MVP staining was detected in these layers. In contrast, the recently discovered transporters were either undetectable or they were present of very low values in lung tissue. Immunohistochemical staining in tissues from mice, rats, and guinea pigs points to a strong evolutionary conservation for these transporter proteins.
Conclusions: These results show that the "classic" MDR related molecules, MDR1 P-gp, MRP1, and MVP, should be considered the most important transporters in normal lung physiology. It will be of great interest to investigate differences in expression of both classic and newly defined transporters between normal individuals and-for example, patients with various bronchopulmonary pathological conditions.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Pathology|
|Publication status||Published - May-2002|
- ATP-DEPENDENT TRANSPORT
- NORMAL HUMAN TISSUES
- MDR3 P-GLYCOPROTEIN
- MAJOR VAULT PROTEIN
- IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL DETECTION
- ANTICANCER DRUGS
- DENDRITIC CELLS