Multiple voxel H-1 MR spectroscopy of phosphorylase-b kinase deficient patients (GSD IXa) showing an accumulation of fat in the liver that resolves with aging

Paul E. Sijens*, G. Peter Smit, Marinus A. J. Borgdorff, Peter Kappert, Matthijs Oudkerk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Aims: Phosphorylase-b deficient patients suffer from glycogen storage disease (GSD IXa) leading to liver enlargement which usually resolves during puberty and adolescence. This pathology has not yet been documented by H-1 MR spectroscopy (MRS) investigation.

Methods: MRS of eight GSD IXa patients was performed in this study to assess whether or not liver fat content is elevated in GSD IXa and decreases with aging. An improvement in our MRS method compared with previous liver fat MRS studies is that we measured a plane of liver voxels at once rather than a single MRS voxel, yielding a reliable determination of liver fat content.

Results:Fat contents of 3.4-10% were observed in young GSD IXa patients, as compared with 0.5-0.9% in controls, these dropped to control levels in patients past age 40 (r = -0.82; P <0.01).

Conclusions: Liver fat content is increased in glycogen storage disease (GSD IXa) and normalizes with ageing. Assessing liver fat levels in this population is a novel and interesting concept. This could potentially enhance the understanding of liver function in that 20% of the population who has increased liver fat. (c) 2006 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851-855
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2006


  • glycogen storage disease
  • hepatomegaly
  • lipid metabolism
  • magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • TYPE-1

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