Myogenic constriction is increased in mesenteric resistance arteries from rats with chronic heart failure: instantaneous counteraction by acute AT(1) receptor blockade

S Gschwend*, RH Henning, YM Pinto, D de Zeeuw, WH van Gilst, H Buikema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

1 Increased vascular resistance in chronic heart failure (CHF) has been attributed to stimulated neurohumoral systems. However, local mechanisms may also importantly contribute to set arterial tone. Our aim, therefore, was to test whether pressure-induced myogenic constriction of resistance arteries in vitro - devoid of acute effects of circulating factors - is increased in CHF and to explore underlying mechanisms.

2 At 12 weeks after coronary ligation-induced myocardial infarction or SHAM-operations in rats, we studied isolated mesenteric arteries for myogenic constriction, determined as the active constriction (% of passive diameter) in response to stepwise increase in intraluminal pressure (20-160 mmHg), in the absence and presence of inhibitors of potentially involved modulators of myogenic constriction.

3 We found that myogenic constriction in mesenteric arteries from CHF rats was markedly increased compared to SHAM over the whole pressure range, the difference being most pronounced at 60 mmHg (24 +/- 2 versus 4 +/- 3%, respectively, P <0.001).

4 Both removal of the endothelium as well as inhibition of NO production (L-N-G-monomethylarginine, 100 μM) significantly increased myogenic constriction (+16 and +25%, respectively), the increase being similar in CHF- and SHAM-arteries (P = NS). Neither endothelin type A (ETA)-receptor blockade (BQ123, 1 μM) nor inhibition of perivascular (sympathetic) nerve conduction (tetrodotoxin, 100 μm) affected the myogenic response in either group.

5 Interestingly, increased myogenic constriction in CHF was fully reversed after angiotensin II type I (AT(1))-receptor blockade (candesartan, 100 nm; losartan, 10 μM), which was without effect in SHAM. In contrast, neither angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition (lisinopril, 1 μMm; captopril, 10 μm) or AT(2)-receptor blockade (PD123319, 1 μM), nor inhibition of superoxide production (superoxide dismutase, 50 U ml(-1)), TXA(2)-receptor blockade (SQ29,548, 1 μM) or inhibition of cyclooxygenase-derived prostaglandins (indomethacin, 10 μM) affected myogenic constriction.

6 Sensitivity of mesenteric arteries to angiotensin II (10 nM - 100 μM) was increased (P <0.05) in CHF (pD(2) 7.1 +/- 0.4) compared to SHAM (pD(2) 6.2 +/- 0.3), while the sensitivity to KCl and phenylephrine was not different.

7 Our results demonstrate increased myogenic constriction in small mesenteric arteries of rats with CHF, potentially making it an important target for therapy in counteracting increased vascular resistance in CHF. Our results further suggest active and instantaneous participation of AT(1)-receptors in increased myogenic constriction in CHF, involving increased sensitivity of AT(1)-receptors rather than apparent ACE-mediated local angiotensin II production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1317-1325
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume139
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2003

Keywords

  • rat
  • myocardial infarction
  • heart failure
  • small mesenteric artery
  • myogenic constriction
  • AT(1) receptor blockade
  • angiotensin II
  • NITRIC-OXIDE
  • ANGIOTENSIN-II
  • MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
  • HYPERTENSIVE RATS
  • SMOOTH-MUSCLE
  • VASCULAR TONE
  • DIETARY SALT
  • ENDOTHELIN
  • RELEASE
  • MECHANISMS

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