Nationwide Real-world Cohort Study of First-line Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Treatment in Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-mutated Non-small-cell Lung Cancer

Rolof G P Gijtenbeek*, Ronald A M Damhuis, Harry J M Groen, Anthonie J van der Wekken, Wouter H van Geffen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most trials regarding tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with advanced epidermal growth factor receptor-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer comprised selected series from Asian populations. We found that Western European patients with epidermal growth factor receptor-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer who received first-line treatment with regular tyrosine kinase inhibitors have a median overall survival of 20.2 months in our large nationwide real-world cohort. In patients with brain metastasis, erlotinib showed superior results compared with gefitinib and was similar to afatinib.

Background: Only a few randomized trials directly compared the relative efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in patients with advanced epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and most trials comprised selected series from Asian populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the overall survival (OS) of advanced EGFR-mutated NSCLC in a large white population and to evaluate variation between different TKIs and identify predictors of survival. Patients and Methods: Information about clinical characteristics, treatment, and survival for 873 patients with stage IV EGFR + NSCLC, diagnosed from 2015 through 2017, was derived from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. OS was evaluated by actuarial analysis and multivariable Cox regression. Prognostic factors are reported as hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Results: A total of 596 (68%) patients received first-line treatment with regular TKIs, providing a median survival of 20.2 months. Forty-five percent of patients were 70 years and older, and 54% of patients had distant metastasis in multiple organs. In the multivariate analysis, survival was significantly worse for men, and patients with higher age, poorer performance, and >= 3 organs with metastasis. Compared with erlotinib, OS was worse for gefitinib users (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.30; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.64), predominantly in patients with brain metastasis. Conclusion: Dutch patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC who received first-line treatment with regular TKIs have a median OS of 20.2 months in a nationwide real-world cohort. In patients with brain metastasis, erlotinib showed superior results compared with gefitinib and was similar to afatinib. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E647-E653
Number of pages7
JournalClinical lung cancer
Volume21
Issue number6
Early online date22-May-2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2020

Keywords

  • Afatinib
  • Brain metastasis
  • Erlotinib
  • Gefitinib
  • Overall survival

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