NEAT1: Culprit lncRNA linking PIG-C, MSLN, and CD80 in triple-negative breast cancer

Nada H. Hussein, Reda A. Eissa, M. de Bruyn, Hend M. El Tayebi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer in women. Despite the effectiveness of conventional therapies, they cause detrimental side effects. Glycosyl-Phosphatidyl-Inositol (GPI) pathway is a conserved pathway that culminates in the generation of GPI anchored proteins (GPI-AP). Phosphatidyl-Inositol-Glycan Biosynthesis Class C (PIG-C) is the first step in GPI pathway and upon its overexpression, Mesothelin (MSLN); an oncogenic GPI-AP, expression is induced. Therefore, blocking GPI pathway is a potential therapy through which multiple pathways can be rectified. Recombinant GPI-CD80 proved to be a potent immunostimulatory protein and currently being evaluated as tumor vaccine. In fact, CD80 is a unique immunomodulator that binds to CD28, CTLA-4 and PD-L1. Furthermore, research advancement showed that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are key epigenetic modulators. Therefore, epigenetic tuning of GPI-APs remains an unexplored area. This study aims at investigating the potential role of ncRNAs in regulating MSLN, PIG-C and CD80 in BC. Methods: Potential ncRNAs were filtered by bioinformatics algorithms. MDA-MB-231 cells were transfected with RNA oligonucleotides. Surface CD80 and MSLN were assessed by FACS and immunofluorescence. Gene expression was tested by q-PCR. Results: PIG-C gene was overexpressed in TNBC and its manipulation altered MSLN surface level. Aligning with bioinformatics analysis, miR-2355 manipulated PIG-C and MSLN expression, while miR-455 manipulated CD80 expression. NEAT1 sponged both miRNAs. Paradoxically, NEAT1 lowered PIG-C gene expression while increased MSLN gene expression. Conclusion: This study unravels novel immunotherapeutic targets for TNBC. NEAT1 is potential immunomodulator by sponging several miRNAs. Finally, this study highlights GPI pathway applications, therefore integrating epigenetics, post-translational modifications and immunomodulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120523
Number of pages14
JournalLife Sciences
Volume299
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-Jun-2022

Keywords

  • CD80
  • MSLN
  • NEAT1
  • PIG-C
  • TNBC

Cite this