Neighbourhoods and oral health: Agent-based modelling of tooth decay

T. Broomhead*, D. Ballas, S. R. Baker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
61 Downloads (Pure)


This research used proof of concept agent-based models to test various theoretical mechanisms by which neighbourhoods may influence tooth decay in adults. Theoretical pathways were constructed using existing literature and tested in two study areas in Sheffield, UK. The models found a pathway between shops and sugar consumption had the most influence on adult tooth decay scores, revealing that similar mechanisms influence this outcome in different populations. This highlighted the importance of the interactions between neighbourhood features and individual level variables in influencing outcomes in tooth decay. Further work is required to improve the accuracy and reliability of the models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102657
Number of pages16
JournalHealth and Place
Publication statusPublished - Sept-2021


  • Agent-based
  • Geography
  • Neighbourhoods
  • Oral health
  • Pathways
  • Tooth decay

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