The latest spectroscopic catalog of M dwarfs identified in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey provides radial velocities, proper motions and distances for nearly 40,000 low-mass stars. Using the full 6D phase space coverage and a realistic Galactic potential, we calculated orbits for each star in the sample. The sample consists of stars from both the thin and thick disks, and the orbital properties between the two groups are compared. We also examine trends in orbital properties with spectroscopic features, such as Balmer emission and molecular bands, that should correlate with age. In addition, we have identified a number of stars that will pass very close to the Sun within the next 1000 Myrs. These stars form the "Nemesis" family of orbits. Potential encounters with these stars could have a significant impact on orbits of Oort Cloud and Kuiper Belt members as well as the planets. We comment on the probability of a catastrophic encounter within the next 1000 Myrs.
|Journal||Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 1-Jan-2011|
|Event||American Astronomical Society, AAS Meeting #217, #242.19 - , United Kingdom|
Duration: 1-Jan-2010 → …