Neo-epitope detection identifies extracellular matrix turnover in systemic inflammation and sepsis: an exploratory study

YiWen Fan, Jill Moser, Matijs van Meurs, Dorien Kiers, Jannie Marie Bülow Sand, Diana Julie Leeming, Peter Pickkers, Janette K Burgess, Matthijs Kox, Janesh Pillay*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is associated with high morbidity and mortality, primarily due to systemic inflammation-induced tissue damage, resulting organ failure, and impaired recovery. Regulated extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover is crucial for maintaining tissue homeostasis in health and in response to disease-related changes in the tissue microenvironment. Conversely, uncontrolled turnover can contribute to tissue damage. Systemic Inflammation is implicated to play a role in the regulation of ECM turnover, but the relationship between the two is largely unclear.

METHODS: We performed an exploratory study in 10 healthy male volunteers who were intravenously challenged with 2 ng/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS, derived from Escherichia coli) to induce systemic inflammation. Plasma samples were collected before (T0) and after (T 1 h, 3 h, 6 h and 24 h) the LPS challenge. Furthermore, plasma was collected from 43 patients with septic shock on day 1 of ICU admission. Circulating neo-epitopes of extracellular matrix turnover, including ECM degradation neo-epitopes of collagen type I (C1M), type III (C3M), type IV (C4Ma3), and type VI (C6M), elastin (ELP-3) and fibrin (X-FIB), as well as the ECM synthesis neo-epitopes of collagen type III (PRO-C3), collagen type IV (PRO-C4) and collagen type VI (PRO-C6) were measured by ELISA. Patient outcome data were obtained from electronic patient records.

RESULTS: Twenty-four hours after LPS administration, all measured ECM turnover neo-epitopes, except ELP-3, were increased compared to baseline levels. In septic shock patients, concentrations of all measured ECM neo-epitopes were higher compared to healthy controls. In addition, concentrations of C6M, ELP-3 and X-FIB were higher in patients with septic shock who ultimately did not survive (N = 7) compared to those who recovered (N = 36).

CONCLUSION: ECM turnover is induced in a model of systemic inflammation in healthy volunteers and was observed in patients with septic shock. Understanding interactions between systemic inflammation and ECM turnover may provide further insight into mechanisms underlying acute and persistent organ failure in sepsis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120
Number of pages12
JournalCritical care (London, England)
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-Apr-2024

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