Neurofeedback from the perspective of the neurosciences. Current developments and trends

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This article provides the reader with insights into the current state of the clinical application of neurofeedback (NF) interventions as well as into the current research of NF. (i)The introduction gives aclear description of the methods, the mechanisms of action and the current domains of application. (ii)The following section assesses NF as an evidence-based procedure in the therapy of mental disorders. In this respect especially three NF protocols in the domain of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders show good evidence of efficacy. (iii)Further emphasis is placed on the description of neuroscientifically inspired NF protocols as potential therapeutic tools that arose in recent years following research progress in neurobiology and biopsychology. As an example of such aprotocol, the upregulation of frontomidline theta () oscillations for the improvement of executive functions is given. Since executive functions play acrucial role in successful everyday functioning and executive dysfunctions are associated with arange of psychological disorders and reduced quality of life, this protocol has a great potential for clinical application. (iv)Afurther section describes important steps and considerations for the implementation of clinical NF studies and finally, (v) current studies and new developments, such as the currently available checklist and guidelines on NF are presented.
Translated title of the contributionNeurofeedback from the perspective of the neurosciences. Current developments and trends
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)186–193
Number of pages8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May-2019


  • Neurofeedack
  • neuromodulation
  • neuroscientific clinical interventions

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