Neutron capture cross sections of light neutron-rich nuclei relevant for r-process nucleosynthesis

A. Bhattacharyya, Ushasi Datta*, A. Rahaman, S. Chakraborty, T. Aumann, S. Beceiro-Novo, K. Boretzky, C. Caesar, B. V. Carlson, W. N. Catford, M. Chartier, D. Cortina-Gil, P. Das, G. De Angelis, P. Diaz Fernandez, H. Emling, H. Geissel, D. Gonzalez-Diaz, M. Heine, H. JohanssonB. Jonson, N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki, T. Kröll, R. Krücken, J. Kurcewicz, C. Langer, T. Le Bleis, Y. Leifels, J. Marganiec, G. Münzenberg, T. Nilsson, C. Nociforo, V. Panin, S. Paschalis, R. Plag, R. Reifarth, M. V. Ricciardi, C. Rigollet, D. Rossi, C. Scheidenberger, H. Scheit, H. Simon, Y. Togano, S. Typel, Y. Utsuno, A. Wagner, F. Wamers, H. Weick, J. S. Winfield

*Corresponding author for this work

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The measurements of neutron capture cross sections of neutron-rich nuclei are challenging but essential for understanding nucleosynthesis and stellar evolution processes in the explosive burning scenario. In the quest of -process abundances, according to the neutrino-driven-wind model, light neutron-rich unstable nuclei may play a significant role as seed nuclei that influence the abundance pattern. Hence, experimental data for neutron capture cross sections of neutron-rich nuclei are needed. Coulomb dissociation of radioactive ion beams at intermediate energy is a powerful indirect method for inferring capture cross section. As a test case for validation of the indirect method, the neutron capture cross section (, ) for was inferred from the Coulomb dissociation of at intermediate energy ( MeV). A comparison between different theoretical approaches and experimental results for the reaction is discussed. We report for the first time experimental reaction cross sections of , , , and . The reaction cross sections were inferred indirectly through Coulomb dissociation of , , and at incident projectile energies around 400-430 MeV using the FRS-LAND setup at GSI, Darmstadt. The neutron capture cross sections were obtained from the photoabsorption cross sections with the aid of the detailed balance theorem. The reaction rates for the neutron-rich Na, Mg, Al nuclei at typical -process temperatures were obtained from the measured () capture cross sections. The measured neutron capture reaction rates of the neutron-rich nuclei, , , and are significantly lower than those predicted by the Hauser-Feshbach decay model. A similar trend was observed earlier for and but in the case of the trend is opposite. The situation is more complicated when the ground state has a multi-particle-hole configuration. For , the measured cross section is about higher than the Hauser-Feshbach prediction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045801
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review C
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2021

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