New Identity Management Models and their Impact on Privacy and Security

Ketan Modh

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

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Identity Management (IdM) systems are being stridently developed by governments across the globe. National and international governmental institutions see them as a panacea for the many ills plaguing society – by increasing the inclusion of historically marginalized communities, bettering the planned development of society, improving security, and effectively distributing social welfare benefits, services and subsidies. Diametrically opposed to this viewpoint are human rights activists and researchers who see such systems as authoritarian encroachments on fundamental human rights and freedoms by governments whose true purpose is actually the establishment of inescapable surveillance systems.
This thesis provides a multidisciplinary, theoretical, model for understanding IdM systems named the Appropriate Access Model (AAM). Accounting for the history, laws, technology and culture surrounding IdM systems, the views summarised above become complementary instead of contradictory. Following a systems-theoretic approach, the AAM provides concrete recommendations for implementing bespoke national IdM systems as well as analysing existing systems at various stages of its lifecycle. The AAM is based on the anticipated purpose of the system, the way a particular society is organised, and the level of assurance required from such systems. The model also acknowledges the impact of attitudes towards IdM systems grounded in cultural values, individual beliefs and trust in government. These recommendations are aimed at: (1) policymakers who are in the process of designing an IdM system for their society; and (2) scholars and officials who are in either an ex-ante or ex-post process of evaluating an IdM system for its fitness, performance, and impact on society.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Groningen
  • Vedder, Hans, Supervisor
  • Cannataci, Joseph, Supervisor
  • Radu, A., Co-supervisor, External person
Award date7-Feb-2022
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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