New insights into the genetics of primary open-angle glaucoma based on meta-analyses of intraocular pressure and optic disc characteristics

Henriet Springelkamp, Adriana I Iglesias, Aniket Mishra, Rene Hoehn, Robert Wojciechowski, Anthony P. Khawaja, Abhishek Nag, Ya Wang, Jie Jin Wang, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Jane Gibson, Jessica N Cooke Bailey, Eranga N. Vithana, Puya Gharahkhani, Thibaud S. Boutin, Wishal D. Ramdas, Tanja Zeller, Robert N. Luben, Ekaterina Yonova-Doing, Ananth C. ViswanathanSeyhan Yazar, Angela J. Cree, Jonathan L. Haines, Jia Yu Koh, Emmanuelle Souzeau, James F. Wilson, Najaf Amin, Christian Mueller, Cristina Venturini, Lisa S. Kearns, Jae Hee Kang, Yih Chung Tham, Tiger Zhou, Elisabeth M. van Leeuwen, Stefan Nickels, Paul G. Sanfilippo, Jiemin Liao, Herma C van der Linde, Wanting Zhao, Leonieke M. E. van Koolwijk, Li Zheng, Fernando Rivadeneira, Mani Baskaran, Sven J van der Lee, Shamira Perera, Paulus T. V. M. de Jong, Ben A. Oostra, Andre G. Uitterlinden, Qiao Fan, Nomdo M. Jansonius, NEIGHBORHOOD Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), the most common optic neuropathy, is a heritable disease. Siblings of POAG cases have a ten-fold increased risk of developing the disease. Intraocular pressure (IOP) and optic nerve head characteristics are used clinically to predict POAG risk. We conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of IOP and optic disc parameters and validated our findings in multiple sets of POAG cases and controls. Using imputation to the 1000 genomes (1000G) reference set, we identified 9 new genomic regions associated with vertical cup-disc ratio (VCDR) and 1 new region associated with IOP. Additionally, we found 5 novel loci for optic nerve cup area and 6 for disc area. Previously it was assumed that genetic variation influenced POAG either through IOP or via changes to the optic nerve head; here we present evidence that some genomic regions affect both IOP and the disc parameters. We characterized the effect of the novel loci through pathway analysis and found that pathways involved are not entirely distinct as assumed so far. Further, we identified a novel association between CDKN1A and POAG. Using a zebrafish model we show that six6b (associated with POAG and optic nerve head variation) alters the expression of cdkn1a. In summary, we have identified several novel genes influencing the major clinical risk predictors of POAG and showed that genetic variation in CDKN1A is important in POAG risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-453
Number of pages16
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-Jan-2017

Keywords

  • GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION
  • POPULATION-BASED EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • SUSCEPTIBILITY LOCI
  • COMMON VARIANTS
  • IDENTIFIES 5
  • RISK
  • PROSTATE
  • PROTEIN
  • CANCER
  • P53

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