NIẒᾹM KᾹMIL WA-SHᾹMIL: The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt As reflected in al-da‘wa and liwā’ al-’islām (1976-1981 1987-1988)

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    This dissertation investigates the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood during the presidency of Anwar Sadat and the early years of Hosni Mubarak. The study presents the history of the Brotherhood on the basis of two magazines the movement was allowed to publish during those years: al-da‘wa and liwā’ al-’islām. These magazines show that, contrary to the focus in modern research (e.g. the introduction of sharia law, gender relations, or ideas of democracy), the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood is a much more broadly oriented, social-political opposition movement, taking Islam as their guideline. The Brotherhood’s own versatile discourse discusses all aspects of daily and spiritual life. Education takes first place: a broad Muslim audience is told they have a shared responsibility for the foundation of an Islamic state. An important adage of the Muslim Brotherhood is Islam as niẓām kāmil wa-shāmil, “a perfect and all-encompassing system.” Faith should play a role in every aspect of daily life, from cooking dinner and cleaning the house to the education system, summer holidays, enemy image, legislation, and watching television. Islam is everything, and everything is Islam.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    • University of Groningen
    • van Bekkum, Wout, Supervisor
    Award date29-Jun-2017
    Place of Publication[Groningen]
    Print ISBNs978-90-367-9804-4
    Electronic ISBNs978-90-367-9803-7
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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