In the present paper we studied the role of nitric oxide radicals (NO) on platelet aggregation, fibrinogen deposition, superoxide formation, peroxynitrite formation, hemodynamics, and leukocyte migration in the Thy-1 model of glomerulonephritis. To first study the baseline kinetics of these parameters, groups of anti-Thy-l-treated rats were sacrificed at 1 h, 4 h, 24 h, 3 days, 7 days, and 14 days and compared to controls. Urinary protein excretion was significantly elevated in Thy-1 nephritis at 3 and 7 days. Glomerular macrophages, PMNs, and superoxide anion-positive cells were significantly increased in Thy-1 nephritis. Nitrotyrosine immunoreactivity was absent during the entire study period. Glomerular platelet aggregation was significantly increased in anti-Thy-1 injected rats at 1 h, 4 h, 24 h, and 3 days. Glomerular fibrinogen deposition was significantly elevated at all time points. To elucidate the role of NO in this process, additional groups of anti-Thy-l-injected rats were treated with the NOS inhibitor L-NAME and studied at 24 h. Urinary protein excretion was significantly higher in L-NAME treated Thy-1 rats compared to nontreated Thy-1 rats. Plasma and urine nitrite/nitrate levels were significantly lower in L-NAME-treated Thy-1 rats compared to nontreated Thy-1 rats. Compared to nontreated Thy-1 rats, there were no differences in intraglomerular leukocyte accumulation after treatment with L-NAME. In contrast, we observed a marked increase in platelet aggregation following L-NAME treatment. From these data we conclude that the inflammatory infiltrate in Thy-1 nephritis develops independent of NO radical production, whereas NO radicals prevent the accumulation of platelet aggregates. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science.
- IMMUNE-COMPLEX GLOMERULONEPHRITIS