Non-muscle Myosin-II Is Required for the Generation of a Constriction Site for Subsequent Abscission

Kangji Wang, Carsten Wloka, Erfei Bi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

It remains unknown when, where, and how the site of abscission is generated during cytokinesis. Here, we show that the sites of constriction, i.e., the sites of future abscission, are initially formed at the ends of the intercellular bridge during early midbody stage, and that these sites are associated with the non-muscle myosin-IIB (not myosin-IIA), actin filaments, and septin 9 until abscission. The ESCRT-III component CHMP4B localizes to the midbody and "spreads" to the site of abscission only during late midbody stage. Strikingly, inhibition of myosin-II motor activity by a low dose of Blebbistatin completely abolishes the formation of the constriction sites, resulting in the localization of all the above-mentioned components to the midbody region. These data strongly suggest that a secondary actomyosin ring provides the primary driving force for the thinning of the intercellular bridge to allow ESCRT-mediated membrane fission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-81
Number of pages13
JournaliScience
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29-Mar-2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ESCRT-III
  • BLEBBISTATIN INHIBITION
  • CYTOKINETIC ABSCISSION
  • DISTINCT ROLES
  • MIDBODY
  • DYNAMICS
  • MECHANISMS
  • MACHINERY
  • ISOFORMS
  • SPASTIN

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