Nonlocal Spin Transport as a Probe of Viscous Magnon Fluids

Camilo Ulloa*, A. Tomadin, J. Shan, M. Polini, B. J. van Wees, R. A. Duine

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Magnons in ferromagnets behave as a viscous fluid over a length scale, the momentum-relaxation length, below which momentum-conserving scattering processes dominate. We show theoretically that in this hydrodynamic regime viscous effects lead to a sign change in the magnon chemical potential, which can be detected as a sign change in the nonlocal resistance measured in spin transport experiments. This sign change is observable when the injector-detector distance becomes comparable to the momentum-relaxation length. Taking into account momentum- and spin-relaxation processes, we consider the quasiconservation laws for momentum and spin in a magnon fluid. The resulting equations are solved for nonlocal spin transport devices in which spin is injected and detected via metallic leads. Because of the finite viscosity we also find a backflow of magnons close to the injector lead. Our work shows that nonlocal magnon spin transport devices are an attractive platform to develop and study magnon-fluid dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117203
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume123
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13-Sep-2019

Keywords

  • RESISTANCE
  • VISCOSITY

Cite this