Normative Values of Cepstral Peak Prominence Measures in Typical Speakers by Sex, Speech Stimuli, and Software Type Across the Life Span

Daniel Buckley*, Defne Abur, Cara Stepp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine normative values for cepstral peak prominence measures across the life span as a function of sex using clinically relevant stimuli (/ɑ/, /i/, and two sentences of The Rainbow Passage) and two commonly used software types: Praat (Version 6.0.50) and Analysis of Dysphonia in Speech and Voice (ADSV).
Method: One hundred fifty speakers (75 males, 75 females; evenly distributed into three age groups) without voice disorders aged 18–91 years were recorded via headset microphone in a sound-treated booth. Cepstral measures were analyzed using common analysis methods in Praat and ADSV by sex, stimuli, and software type. Kruskal–Wallis tests and post hoc Mood's Median tests for significant factors were performed on cepstral measures to assess the effects of age group, sex, stimuli, and software type.
Results: The results revealed statistically significant effects of sex, stimuli, and software type on cepstral measures, but no statistical effect of age group on cepstral values. Females had lower average cepstral values compared to males. Across stimuli, the highest average cepstral measure was found for sustained /ɑ/, followed by sustained /i/, and then of the two sentences of The Rainbow Passage. Average cepstral measures in Praat were higher than those from ADSV.
Conclusions: The current work did not find a statistical effect of age group on cepstral values; thus, normative cepstral values were reported by sex, stimuli, and software type. Future work should examine the applicability of these normative values for discriminating speakers with and without voice disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1565-1577
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican journal of speech-language pathology
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-Jul-2023

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