PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize the latest original preclinical and clinical articles in the setting of normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) of kidney grafts.
RECENT FINDINGS: Kidney NMP can be safely translated into the clinical routine and there is increasing evidence that NMP may be beneficial in graft preservation especially in marginal kidney grafts. Due to the near-physiological state during NMP, this technology may be used as an ex-vivo organ assessment and treatment platform. There are reports on the application of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells, multipotent adult progenitor cells and microRNA during kidney NMP, with first data indicating that these therapies indeed lead to a decrease in inflammatory response and kidney injury. Together with the demonstrated possibility of prolonged ex-vivo perfusion without significant graft damage, NMP could not only be used as a tool to perform preimplant graft assessment. Some evidence exists that it truly has the potential to be a platform to treat and repair injured kidney grafts, thereby significantly reducing the number of declined organs.
SUMMARY: Kidney NMP is feasible and can potentially increase the donor pool not only by preimplant graft assessment, but also by ex-vivo graft treatment.