Progressive myoclonic epilepsies (PMEs) comprise a group of rare disorders of different genetic aetiologies, leading to childhood-onset myoclonus, myoclonic seizures and subsequent neurological decline. One of the genetic causes for PME, a mutation in the gene coding for Golgi SNAP receptor 2 (GOSR2), gives rise to a PME-subtype prevalent in Northern Europe and hence referred to as North Sea Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy (NS-PME). Treatment for NS-PME, as for all PME subtypes, is symptomatic; the pathophysiology of NS-PME is currently unknown, precluding targeted therapy. Here, we investigated the pathophysiology of NS-PME. By means of chart review in combination with interviews with patients (n = 14), we found heat to be an exacerbating factor for a majority of NS-PME patients (86%). To substantiate these findings, we designed a NS-PME Drosophila melanogaster model. Downregulation of the Drosophila GOSR2-orthologue Membrin leads to heat-induced seizure-like behaviour. Specific downregulation of GOSR2/Membrin in glia but not in neuronal cells resulted in a similar phenotype, which was progressive as the flies aged and was partially responsive to treatment with sodium barbital. Our data suggest a role for GOSR2 in glia in the pathophysiology of NS-PME. (C) 2019 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||11|
|Early online date||1-Nov-2019|
|Publication status||Published - 15-Dec-2019|
- myoclonic epilepsy
- childhood onset