Observation of Complex Time Structures in the Cosmic-Ray Electron and Positron Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station

M. Aguilar, L. Ali Cavasonza, G. Ambrosi, L. Arruda, N. Attig, S. Aupetit, P. Azzarello, A. Bachlechner, F. Barao, A. Barrau, L. Barrin, A. Bartoloni, L. Basara, S. Başeǧmez-Du Pree, M. Battarbee, R. Battiston, U. Becker, M. Behlmann, B. Beischer, J. BerdugoB. Bertucci, K. F. Bindel, V. Bindi, W. De Boer, K. Bollweg, V. Bonnivard, B. Borgia, M. J. Boschini, M. Bourquin, E. F. Bueno, J. Burger, F. Cadoux, X. D. Cai, M. Capell, S. Caroff, J. Casaus, G. Castellini, F. Cervelli, M. J. Chae, Y. H. Chang, A. I. Chen, G. M. Chen, H. S. Chen, Y. Chen, L. Cheng, H. Y. Chou, E. Choumilov, V. Choutko, C. H. Chung, C. Clark, R. Clavero, G. Coignet, C. Consolandi, A. Contin, C. Corti, W. Creus, M. Crispoltoni, Z. Cui, K. Dadzie, Y. M. Dai, A. Datta, C. Delgado, S. Della Torre, M. B. Demirköz, L. Derome, S. Di Falco, F. Dimiccoli, C. Díaz, P. Von Doetinchem, F. Dong, F. Donnini, M. Duranti, D. D'Urso, A. Egorov, A. Eline, T. Eronen, J. Feng, E. Fiandrini, P. Fisher, V. Formato, Y. Galaktionov, G. Gallucci, R. J. García-López, C. Gargiulo, H. Gast, I. Gebauer, M. Gervasi, A. Ghelfi, F. Giovacchini, D. M. Gómez-Coral, J. Gong, C. Goy, V. Grabski, D. Grandi, M. Graziani, K. H. Guo, S. Haino, K. C. Han, Z. H. He, M. Heil, T. H. Hsieh, H. Huang, Z. C. Huang, C. Huh, M. Incagli, M. Ionica, W. Y. Jang, Yi Jia, H. Jinchi, S. C. Kang, K. Kanishev, B. Khiali, G. N. Kim, K. S. Kim, Th Kirn, C. Konak, O. Kounina, A. Kounine, V. Koutsenko, A. Kulemzin, G. La Vacca, E. Laudi, G. Laurenti, I. Lazzizzera, A. Lebedev, H. T. Lee, S. C. Lee, C. Leluc, H. S. Li, J. Q. Li, Q. Li, T. X. Li, Z. H. Li, Z. Y. Li, S. Lim, C. H. Lin, P. Lipari, T. Lippert, D. Liu, Hu Liu, V. D. Lordello, S. Q. Lu, Y. S. Lu, K. Luebelsmeyer, F. Luo, J. Z. Luo, S. S. Lyu, F. Machate, C. Mañá, J. Marín, T. Martin, G. Martínez, N. Masi, D. Maurin, A. Menchaca-Rocha, Q. Meng, V. M. Mikuni, D. C. Mo, P. Mott, T. Nelson, J. Q. Ni, N. Nikonov, F. Nozzoli, A. Oliva, M. Orcinha, M. Palermo, F. Palmonari, C. Palomares, M. Paniccia, M. Pauluzzi, S. Pensotti, C. Perrina, H. D. Phan, N. Picot-Clemente, F. Pilo, C. Pizzolotto, V. Plyaskin, M. Pohl, V. Poireau, L. Quadrani, X. M. Qi, X. Qin, Z. Y. Qu, T. Räihä, P. G. Rancoita, D. Rapin, J. S. Ricol, S. Rosier-Lees, A. Rozhkov, D. Rozza, R. Sagdeev, S. Schael, S. M. Schmidt, A. Schulz Von Dratzig, G. Schwering, E. S. Seo, B. S. Shan, J. Y. Shi, T. Siedenburg, D. Son, J. W. Song, M. Tacconi, X. W. Tang, Z. C. Tang, D. Tescaro, Samuel C.C. Ting, S. M. Ting, N. Tomassetti, J. Torsti, C. Türkoǧlu, T. Urban, V. Vagelli, E. Valente, E. Valtonen, M. Vázquez Acosta, M. Vecchi, M. Velasco, J. P. Vialle, L. Q. Wang, N. H. Wang, Q. L. Wang, X. Wang, X. Q. Wang, Z. X. Wang, C. C. Wei, Z. L. Weng, K. Whitman, H. Wu, X. Wu, R. Q. Xiong, W. Xu, Q. Yan, J. Yang, M. Yang, Y. Yang, H. Yi, Y. J. Yu, Z. Q. Yu, M. Zannoni, S. Zeissler, C. Zhang, F. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. H. Zhang, S. W. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Z. M. Zheng, H. L. Zhuang, V. Zhukov, A. Zichichi, N. Zimmermann, P. Zuccon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)
42 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We present high-statistics, precision measurements of the detailed time and energy dependence of the primary cosmic-ray electron flux and positron flux over 79 Bartels rotations from May 2011 to May 2017 in the energy range from 1 to 50 GeV. For the first time, the charge-sign dependent modulation during solar maximum has been investigated in detail by leptons alone. Based on 23.5 x 10(6) events, we report the observation of short-term structures on the timescale of months coincident in both the electron flux and the positron flux. These structures are not visible in the e(+)/e(-) flux ratio. The precision measurements across the solar polarity reversal show that the ratio exhibits a smooth transition over 830 +/- 30 days from one value to another. The midpoint of the transition shows an energy dependent delay relative to the reversal and changes by 260 +/- 30 days from 1 to 6 GeV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number051102
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume121
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31-Jul-2018

Keywords

  • SOLAR MODULATION
  • HELIOSPHERE
  • PROPAGATION
  • GALAXY
  • PERSPECTIVE
  • SIMULATIONS
  • MINIMUM
  • PROTONS

Cite this