We generalise to the Z 2 -graded set-up a practical method for inspecting the (non)removability of parameters in zero-curvature representations for partial differential equations (PDEs) under the action of smooth families of gauge transformations. We illustrate the generation and elimination of parameters in the flat structures over Z 2 -graded PDEs by analysing the link between deformation of zero-curvature representations via infinitesimal gauge transformations and, on the other hand, propagation of linear coverings over PDEs using the Frölicher–Nijenhuis bracket.
- Frölicher–Nijenhuis bracket
- Gardner’s deformation
- Korteweg–de Vries equation
- Spectral parameter
- Zero-curvature representation