On the relation between local and charge-transfer exciton bindingenergies in organic photovoltaic materials

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In organic photovoltaic devices two types of excitons can be generated for which different binding energies can be defined: the binding energy of the local exciton generated immediately after light absorption on the polymer and the binding energy of the charge-transfer exciton generated through the electron transfer from polymer to PCBM. Lowering these two binding energies is expected to improve the efficiency of the devices. Using (time-dependent) density functional theory, we studied whether a relation exists between the two different binding energies. For a series of related co-monomers, we found that the local exciton binding energy on a monomer is not directly related to that of the charge-transfer exciton on a monomer-PCBM complex because the variation in exciton binding energy depends mainly on the variation in electron affinity, which does not affect in a direct way the charge-transfer exciton binding energy. Furthermore, for the studied co-monomers and their corresponding trimers, we provide detailed information on the amount of charge transfer upon excitation and on the charge transfer excitation length. This detailed study of the excitation process reveals that the thiophene unit that links the donor and acceptor fragments of the co-monomer actively participates in the charge transfer process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings Volume 9567, Organic Photovoltaics XVI; 95670N (2015
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 9-Sept-2015
EventOrganic Photovoltaics XVI - San Diego, United States
Duration: 9-Aug-20159-Aug-2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


ConferenceOrganic Photovoltaics XVI
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego


  • organic photovoltaics, (time-dependent) density functional theory, donor-acceptor co-monomers, local exciton, charge-transfer exciton, exciton binding energy

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