On the who-rule in Dual Resource Constrained (DRC) manufacturing systems

J.A.C. Bokhorst*, J. Slomp, G.J.C. Gaalman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


The who-rule is a labour allocation rule used in labour and machine-limited dual resource constrained (DRC) systems. A who-rule selects one worker out of several workers to be transferred to a work centre. By means of a practical instance, the paper shows that the who-rule plays a role in the daily practice of worker assignment. Previous simulation studies, however, either have not mentioned the who-rule or have treated it as a fixed factor. The present study will explore the need of including the who-rule in simulation studies. It will describe in detail at what decision moments the who-rule needs to be applied in simulation. Further, it will explore the flow time effects of applying different who-rules in several DRC systems where labour flexibility is limited and workers differ with respect to task proficiencies, the number of skills they possess and the loads of work centres for which they are responsible. As with other labour allocation rules, the impact of the who-rule depends on the specific DRC shop modelled. The paper will show that the average labour utilization, and the types and extent of worker differences, determine the impact of the who-rule on shop performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5049-5074
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Production Research
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 1-Dec-2004



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