OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term effectiveness of app-based treatment for female stress, urgency, or mixed urinary incontinence (UI) compared to care-as-usual in primary care.
DESIGN: A pragmatic, randomised controlled, superiority trial.
SETTING: Primary care in the Netherlands from 2015 to 2018, follow-up at 12 months.
POPULATION: Women with ≥2 UI-episodes per week, access to mobile apps, wanting treatment. 262 women randomised equally to app or care-as-usual; 89 (68%) and 83 (63%) attended one year follow-up.
INTERVENTIONS: The standalone app included conservative management for UI with motivation aids (e.g., reminders). Care-as-usual delivered according to the Dutch GP guideline for UI.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Effectiveness assessed by the change in symptom severity score (ICIQ-UI-SF) and the change in quality of life (ICIQ-LUTS-QoL) with linear regression on an intention-to-treat basis.
RESULTS: Clinically relevant improvement of UI severity for both app (-2.17 ± 2.81) and care-as-usual (-3.43 ± 3.6), with a non-significant mean difference of 0.903 (-0.66 to 1.871).
CONCLUSION: App-based treatment is a viable alternative to care-as-usual for UI in primary care in terms of effectiveness after one year.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology|
|Early online date||31-May-2022|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
- general practice
- long term
- primary care
- urinary incontinence
- INTERNET-BASED TREATMENT