Online coupling of a catalytic continuous microflow reactor to mass spectrometry

Jos Hermans, Ali Alipour Najmi, Hjalmar Permentier, Rainer Bischoff*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

30 Downloads (Pure)


Flow cell reactors used for catalyst development and applications are upcoming due to their small environmental and economic footprint. Online microflow reactor coupling with mass spectrometry (MS) opens new possibilities for monitoring catalyst performance and identifying reaction products in real time. This is demonstrated for the metabolic relevant dealkylation of lidocaine on catalytic gold micro-particles using regular liquid chromatography modules. Yields of up to 90% norlidocaine were realized under mild continuous flow conditions for up to 10 h (pH 7, 30 °C and 20 μL/min). Dissolved oxygen was shown to be a rate-limiting factor, since an inline oxygen generator allowed to increase the reactor capacity by one order of magnitude. Monitoring product time-response curve slopes after starting and ending a substrate feed, provided insights into the adsorption/desorption and conversion kinetics at the catalyst surface indicating the presence of strong adsorption sites that do not contribute substantially to substrate conversion.
Original languageEnglish
Article number124928
Number of pages7
Issue numberPart 1
Early online date14-Jul-2023
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2024

Cite this